Climate change

Selected papers from the lab that address climate change


Dubois, T., B. Hadi, S. Vermeulen, P. Ballantyne, A. Dobermann, S. Fan, K. A. Garrett, N. Ibabao, A. Ismail, J. Jaramillo, A. M. Loboguerrero, S. McCutcheon, J. Njuki, T. R. Sharma, H. Tonnang, and V. Pede. 2024. Climate change and plant health: Impact, implications and the role of research for mitigation and adaptation. Global Food Security 41:100750. [open access link]

Etherton, B. A., R. A. Choudhury, R. I. Alcalá Briseño, R. A. Mouafo-Tchinda, A. I. Plex Sulá, M. Choudhury, A. Adhikari, S. L. Lei, N. Kraisitudomsook, J. Robledo Buritica, V. A. Cerbaro, K. Ogero, C. M. Cox, S. P. Walsh, J. Andrade-Piedra, B. A. Omondi, I. Navarrete, M. A. McEwan, and K. A. Garrett. 2024. Disaster plant pathology: Smart solutions for threats to global plant health from natural and human-driven disasters. Phytopathology 114:855-868. [open access link].

Savary, S., and Global Plant Health Assessment Project (including K. A. Garrett). 2023. A global assessment of the state of plant health. Plant Disease 107:3649-3665. [open access link]

Buddenhagen*, C. E.Y. Xing*, J. Andrade Piedra, G. A. Forbes, P. Kromann, I. Navarrete, S. Thomas-Sharma, R. A. ChoudhuryK. F. Andersen, E. Schulte-Geldermann, B. A. EthertonA. I. Plex Sulá, and K. A. Garrett. 2022. Where to invest project efforts for greater benefit: A framework for management performance mapping with examples for potato seed health. Phytopathology. [open access link]

Garrett, K. A., D. P. Bebber, B. A. Etherton, K. M. Gold, A. I. Plex Sulá, and M. G. Selvaraj. 2022. Climate change effects on pathogen emergence: artificial intelligence to translate big data for mitigation.  Annual Review of Phytopathology 60:357-378. [open access link]

Gullino, M. L., R. Albajes, I. Al-Jboory, F. Angelotti, S. Chakraborty, K. A. Garrett, B. P. Hurley, P. Juroszek, R. Lopian, K. Makkouk, X. Pan, M. Pugliese, and T. Stephenson.  2022. Climate change and pathways used by pests as challenges to plant health in agriculture and forestry. Sustainability 14:12421. [open access link]

Garrett, K. A. 2021. Impact network analysis and the INA R package: Decision support for regional management interventions. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 12:1634-1647. [open access link]

Ristaino, J. B., P. Anderson, D. Bebber, K. A. Brauman, N. J. Cunniffe, N. Fedoroff, C. Finegold, K. A. Garrett, C. A. Gilligan, C. Jones, M. Martin, G. K. MacDonald, P. Neenan, A. Records, D. Schmale, L. Tateosian, Q. Wei. 2021. The persistent threat of emerging plant disease pandemics to global food security.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118:e2022239118 [link] [Washington Post coverage]

Garrett, K. A.R. I. Alcalá-BriseñoK. F. Andersen, J. Brawner, R. A. Choudhury, E. Delaquis, J. Fayette, R. Poudel, D. Purves, J. Rothschild, I. M. Small, S. Thomas-Sharma, and Y. Xing.  2020.  Effective altruism as an ethical lens on research priorities.  Phytopathology 110:708-722. [open access link]

Hatfield, J. L., J. Antle, K. A. Garrett, R. C. Izaurralde, T. Mader, E. Marshall, M. Nearing, G. P. Robertson, and L. Ziska. 2020. Indicators of climate change in agricultural systems. Climatic Change 163:1719-1732. [open access link]

Garrett, K. A., R. I. Alcalá-Briseño, K. F. Andersen, C. E. Buddenhagen, R. A. Choudhury, J. C. Fulton, J. F. Hernandez Nopsa, R. Poudel, and Y. Xing. 2018. Network analysis: A systems framework to address grand challenges in plant pathology.  Annual Review of Phytopathology 56: 559-580. [open access link]

Ziska, L.H., B. A. Bradley, R. D. Wallace, C. T. Bargeron, J. H. LaForest, R. A. ChoudhuryK. A. Garrett, F. E. Vega. 2018. Climate change, carbon dioxide, and pest biology, managing the future: Coffee as a case study. Agronomy 8:152. [open access link]

Garrett, K. A.K. F. Andersen, F. Asche, R. L. Bowden, G. A. Forbes, P. A. Kulakow, and B. Zhou. 2017. Resistance genes in global crop breeding networks. Phytopathology 107:1268-1278. [open access link] [interactive interface for exploring model behavior]

Sanatkar, M. R., C. Scoglio, B. Natarajan, S. Isard, and K. A. Garrett. 2015. History, epidemic evolution, and model burn-in for a network of annual invasion: Soybean rust. Phytopathology 105:947-955. [open access link]

Sparks, A. H., G. A. Forbes, R. J. Hijmans, and K. A. Garrett. 2014. Climate change may have limited effect on the global risk of potato late blight. Global Change Biology 20:3621-3631. [link]

Garrett, K. A. 2013. Big data insights into pest spread [invited commentary]. Nature Climate Change 3:955-957. [link]

Garrett, K. A., A. Dobson, J. Kroschel, B. Natarajan, S. Orlandini, H. E. Z. Tonnang, and C. Valdivia. 2013. The effects of climate variability and the color of weather time series on agricultural diseases and pests, and decision making for their management. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 170:216-227. [link]

Garrett, K. A., A. Jumpponen, C. Toomajian, and L. Gomez-Montano. 2012. Climate change and plant health: Designing research spillover from plant genomics for understanding the role of microbial communities. [Invited] Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 34:349-361. [link]

Garrett, K. A., G. A. Forbes, S. Savary, P. Skelsey, A. H. Sparks, C. Valdivia, A. H. C. van Bruggen, L. Willocquet, A. Djurle, E. Duveiller, H. Eckersten, S. Pande, C. Vera Cruz, and J. Yuen. 2011. Complexity in climate change impacts: A framework for analysis of effects mediated by plant disease. Plant Pathology 60:15-30. [link]

Savary, S., A. Nelson, A. H. Sparks, L. Willocquet, E. Duveiller, G. Mahuku, G. Forbes, K. A. Garrett, D. Hodson, J. Padgham, S. Pande, M. Sharma, J. Yuen, A. Djurle. 2011. International agricultural research tackling the effects of global and climate changes on plant diseases in the developing world. Plant Disease 95:1204-1216. [open access link]

Sparks, A. H., G. A. Forbes, R. J. Hijmans, and K. A. Garrett. 2011. A metamodeling framework for extending the application domain of process-based ecological models. Ecosphere 2:art90. [open access link]

Perez, P., C. Nicklin, O. Dangles, S. Vanek, S. Sherwood, S. Halloy, K. Garrett, and G. Forbes. 2010. Climate change in the High Andes: Implications and adaptation strategies for small-scale farmers. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability 6:71-88. [link]

Saleh, A. A.H. U. Ahmed, T. C. Todd, S. E. Travers, K. A. Zeller, J. F. Leslie, and K. A. Garrett. 2010. Relatedness of Macrophomina phaseolina isolates from tallgrass prairie, maize, soybean, and sorghum. Molecular Ecology 19:79-91. [link]

Travers, S. E., Z. Tang, D. Caragea, K. A. Garrett, S. H. Hulbert, J. E. Leach, J. Bai, A. Saleh, A. K. Knapp, P. A. Fay, J. Nippert, P. S. Schnable, and M. D. Smith. 2010. Variation in gene expression of Andropogon gerardii in response to altered environmental conditions associated with climate change. Journal of Ecology 98:374-383. [Editor's choice]

Garrett, K. A., L. N. Zúñiga, E. Roncal, G. A. Forbes, C. C. Mundt, Z. Su, and R. J. Nelson. 2009. Intraspecific functional diversity in hosts and its effect on disease risk across a climatic gradient. Ecological Applications 19:1868-1883. [link]

Worapong, J., S. P. Dendy, Z. Tang, D. J. Awl, and K. A. Garrett. 2009. Limiting temperatures for urediniospore germination are low in a systemic rust fungus of tallgrass prairie. Mycologia 101:390-394. [link]

Chakraborty, S., J. Luck, G. Hollaway, A. Freeman, R. Norton, K. A. Garrett, K. Percy, A. Hopkins, C. Davis, and D. F. Karnosky. 2008. Impacts of global change on diseases of agricultural crops and forest trees. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 3, No. 054.

Travers, S. E., M. D. Smith, J. Bai, S. H. Hulbert, J. E. Leach, P. S. Schnable, A. K. Knapp, G. Milliken, P. Fay, A. Saleh, and K. A. Garrett. 2007. Ecological genomics: making the leap from model systems in the lab to native populations in the field. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:19-24. [link]

Garrett, K. A., S. P. Dendy, E. E. Frank, M. N. Rouse, and S. E. Travers. 2006. Climate change effects on plant disease: Genomes to ecosystems. Annual Review of Phytopathology 44:489-509. [link]


Walthall, C.L., J. Hatfield, P. Backlund, L. Lengnick, E. Marshall, M. Walsh, S. Adkins, M. Aillery, E.A. Ainsworth, C. Ammann, C.J. Anderson, I. Bartomeus, L.H. Baumgard, F. Booker, B. Bradley, D.M. Blumenthal, J. Bunce, K. Burkey, S.M. Dabney, J.A. Delgado, J. Dukes, A. Funk, K. Garrett, M. Glenn, D.A. Grantz, D. Goodrich, S. Hu, R.C. Izaurralde, R.A.C. Jones, S-H. Kim, A.D.B. Leaky, K. Lewers, T.L. Mader, A. McClung, J. Morgan, D.J. Muth, M. Nearing, D.M. Oosterhuis, D. Ort, C. Parmesan, W.T. Pettigrew, W. Polley, R. Rader, C. Rice, M. Rivington, E. Rosskopf, W.A. Salas, L.E. Sollenberger, R. Srygley, C. Stöckle, E.S. Takle, D. Timlin, J.W. White, R. Winfree, L. Wright-Morton, L.H. Ziska. 2013. Climate Change and Agriculture in the United States: Effects and Adaptation. USDA Technical Bulletin 1935. Washington, DC. 186 pages. This report is available at:

Book Chapters and Reports

National Climate Roadmap Working Group (including K. Garrett). 2023. National Climate Change Roadmap: A Research Framework for U.S. Agriculture, Forestry, and Working Lands. Colorado Agricultural Experiment Station. Mountain Scholar. 56 pp. [open access link]

Garrett, K. A.R. I. Alcalá-BriseñoK. F. AndersenR. A. ChoudhuryW. DantesJ. FayetteJ. C. FultonR. Poudel, and C. G. Staub. 2020. Adapting disease management systems under global change. In: A. Records and J. B. Ristaino (Editors), Emerging Plant Diseases and Global Food Security. American Phytopathological Society Press, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Beed, F., A. Benedetti, G. Cardinali, S. Chakraborty, T. Dubois, K. Garrett and M. Halewood. 2015. Climate change and micro-organism genetic resources for food and agriculture: State of knowledge, risks and opportunities. In Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and available at

van Bruggen, A. H. C., J. W. Jones, J. M. C. Fernandes, K. A. Garrett, K. J. Boote. 2015. Crop Diseases and Climate Change in the AgMIP Framework.  In Handbook of Climate Change and Agroecosystems: The Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) Integrated Crop and Economic Assessments. ICP Series on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation, and Mitigation.

Garrett, K. A., S. Thomas-Sharma, G. A. Forbes, and J. Hernandez Nopsa. 2014. Climate change and plant pathogen invasions. In Invasive Species and Climate Change. L. Ziska and J. Dukes, eds. CABI Publishing.

Hernandez Nopsa, J., S. Thomas-Sharma, and Garrett, K. A. 2014. Climate change and plant disease. In Encyclopedia of Agriculture and Food Systems. N. Van Alfen, ed. Elsevier.

Porter, J. R., L. Xie (Coordinating Lead Authors); A. Challinor, K. Cochrane, M. Howden, M. M. Iqbal, D. Lobell, M. I. Travasso (Lead Authors); N. Chhetri, K. Garrett, J. Ingram, L. Lipper, N. McCarthy, J. McGrath, D. Smith, P. Thornton, J. Watson, L. Ziska (Contributing Authors); P. Aggarwal, K. Hakala (Review Editors); J. Jordan (Volunteer Chapter Scientist). 2014. IPCC WGII AR5 Chapter 7. Food Security and Food Production Systems.

Garrett, K. A., G. A. Forbes, L. Gomez, M. A. Gonzales, M. Gray, P. Skelsey, and A. H. Sparks. 2013. Cambio climático, enfermedades de las plantas e insectos plaga. Pages 71-98 in Cambio climático en los Andes. E. Jimenez, ed.

Beed, F., A. Benedetti, G. Cardinali, S. Chakraborty, T. Dubois, K. Garrett and M. Halewood. 2011. Climate change and micro-organism genetic resources for food and agriculture: State of knowledge, risks and opportunities. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at

Garrett, K. A., M. Nita, E. D. De Wolf, L. Gomez, and A. H. Sparks. 2009. Plant pathogens as indicators of climate change. Pages 425-437 in Climate and Global Change: Observed Impacts on Planet Earth. T. Letcher, editor. Elsevier.

Garrett, K. A. 2008. Climate change and plant disease risk. Pages 143-155 in Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Understanding the Contributions to Infectious Disease Emergence. National Academies Press, Washington, D.C.

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